Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Constructing the Present Perfect Continuous Tense
|subject||+||auxiliary verb||+||auxiliary verb||+||main verb|
|have/has||been||base + ing|
Here are some examples of the present perfect continuous tense:
|subject||auxiliary verb||auxiliary verb||main verb|
The English language often uses a contraction of the subject and first auxiliary verb when we speak in the present perfect tense. Contractions are typically found in informal writing and should not be used in informal writing or speech.
|It has been||It’s been|
|She has been||She’s been|
|The weather has been||The weather’s been|
|I have been||I’ve been|
|Jane has been||Jane’s been|
|This meal has been||The meal’s been|
|They have been||They’ve been|
|We have been||We’ve been|
- She’s been feeling bad lately.
- I’ve been working all day.
- They’ve been shopping all day long.
Using the Present Perfect Continuous Tense
There are two basic ways to use the present perfect continuous tense. Present perfect continuous tense usually connects with now, or the present.
For Something That Has Stopped Just Now Or Recently
To show the result now of an action that was started in the past and just recently stopped we use the present perfect continuous tense.
|She is happy because she has been sleeping.|
|Recent action.||Result now.|
- She is at home because she has been working all day.
- He is awake because he has been sleeping all night.
- You can not turn in your essay because you haven’t been working on it.
Action Continuing Up To Now
The present perfect continuous tense is also used to talk about a past action that is continued to now.
|She has been shopping for 3 hours.|
|Action started in past.||Action is continuing now.|
- He has been fishing for two days.
- They have been talking on the phone since 8pm.
- We have not been walking in the new park yet.
- How long have you been living there?
Present Perfect Continuous Tense Using For and Since
When we use present perfect tense, we often use for and since.
- Since is used to talk about a certain point of time in the past – 6am, July 4th
- For refers to a certain period of time – 3 weeks, 2 months, 1 year
|a period of time||a point in past time|
|three years||July 1st|
|three months||This morning|
|eons||I got home|
|the last few days||I was born|
|hundreds of years||he came back|
Here are some examples:
- I have been working here for six years.
- She has been talking on the phone since she got home.
- Aaron has been talking since he got home.
- I have been driving for three hours.
- He has been doing his homework since he got home from school.
- The car has been leaking gas since last week.